Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new virus that can cause an infection in people, including a severe respiratory illness.


Image by CDC

10 ways to reduce your risk of coronavirus

  • Wash hands often with soap and running water, for at least 20 seconds. Dry with paper towel or hand dryer.

  • Try not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth.

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you don’t have a tissue cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow.

  • Isolate yourself at home if you feel sick. If you take medication ensure you have adequate supplies.

  • Phone your GP first if you need medical attention. We will tell you what to do.

  • Continue healthy habits: exercise, drink water, get plenty of sleep, and now is the time to quit smoking. Call the Quitline 137 848.

  • Don't wear a face mask if you are well.

  • Buy an alcohol-based hand sanitiser with over 60 per cent alcohol.

  • Get the flu shot (available April).

  • No Shaking hands!



TL;DR - from close contact with an infected person.

COVID-19 spreads through close contact with an infected person; mostly face-to-face or within a household. It cannot jump across a room or be carried for long distances in the air so we should all go about our lives as normal. 

Close contact means greater than 15 minutes face-to-face or the sharing of a closed space for more than two hours with a confirmed case.

A close contact could include any person meeting any of the following criteria:

  • living in the same household or household-like setting (for example, a boarding school or hostel)

  • direct contact with the body fluids or laboratory specimens of a confirmed case 

  • a person who spent two hours or longer in the same room 

  • face-to-face contact for more than 15 minutes with the case in any other setting not listed above.


Cheering Crowd

TL;DR People who have travelled internationally or been in close contact with an infected person.

Anyone who has been overseas in the past 14 days you are advised to:

  • stay at home (self-quarantine)

  • avoid public settings - this means you should not attend work, school, childcare or university or go to other public places such as restaurants, cinemas or shopping centres and should not use public transport or taxis

  • do this for 14 days once you return to Australia  (other than when seeking medical care)

  • only people who usually live in the household should be in the home. Do not allow visitors into the home.

  • you should stay in a different room to other people as much as possible.